Short Range Attack Missile
The requirement for the weapon was issued by the Strategic Air Command of the USAF in 1964. The Boing AGM-69A SRAM entered service in 1972. It was carried by the B-52, F-111 and the B-1B. On the B-52, SRAMs were carried externally on 2 wing pylons (6 missiles on each pylon) and internally on an eight-round rotary launcher mounted in the bomb bay; maximum loadout was 20 missiles. The B-1B could carry 8 missiles on up to three rotary launchers (one in each of its three stores bays) for a maximum loadout of 24 missiles. The FB-111A could carry two missiles internally and four more missiles under the aircraft's swing-wing.
Originally, the SRAM's primary mission was to improve the survivability of the SAC manned bomber force through the "neutralization of surface-to-air missile defenses." The mission was later expanded to encompass a secondary objective, the destruction of selected strategic targets.
The AGM-69 SRAM was finally replaced in 1993 by the AGM-86 ALCM (Air Launched Cruise Missile).